While the Northeastern states in India hold the maximum hydroelectric energy production capacity, the region has been able to develop only a minuscule of it, shows government data.
According to statistics submitted by the central government to the parliament, the seven northeastern states — Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh — could develop only 2.5% of the 58971 MW capacity.
But compared to this, Sikkim a neighbouring state remains a champion in harnessing its hydroelectric power capacity. The small Himalayan state has developed more than half of its 4248MW capacity.
With surplus electricity sale as a major source of revenue, Sikkim had its ruling party recently announcing that it was considering the introduction of universal basic income for people.
Among the northeastern states, Arunachal Pradesh has the highest hydroelectric capacity of over 50 GW. Although it had so far been able to develop only 1.03%, the state remains the biggest producer of hydroelectricity in the Northeast.
While the Ranganadi (405 MW) and Pare (110 MW), with a total capacity of 515 MW are in operations, three projects –Kameng (660 MW), Lower Subansiri (2000 MW) and Gongri (144 MW) — are presently under construction.
India has a total assessed hydroelectric potential of 148 GW, of which 45 GW has been developed so far. It accounts or about 15% of the total energy production in India.
Coal is the main source of energy in India, accounting for 60% of the total energy production.