Some 60 million people affected by extreme weather in 2018, with earthquakes and tsunamis, claimed more lives than any other type of hazard, says a new study by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
Climate-related disasters such as floods, droughts, storms and wildfires affected more than 57 million.
The year saw a record number of wildfires. The US experienced its deadliest and costliest outbreak in over a century. Greece too suffered a record number of casualties from wildfires, with 126 losing their lives.
While floods affected over 35 million, 23 million of them were in the Indian State of Kerala alone. The cost of the damage caused by Hurricane Michael, which inundated the eastern seaboard of the United States, is estimated to be around $16 billion.
Asia once more dominated the disaster landscape in 2018. Despite high death tolls from seismic activity including #tsunami Indonesia was not in the top ten in terms of numbers of people affected #ResilienceForAll #SendaiFramework pic.twitter.com/mdOtGh6aci
— UNISDR (@unisdr) January 24, 2019
Droughts affected over 9 million people worldwide, with the Kenyan population accounting for a third of the total.
Debarati Guha-Sapir, head of CRED said that human impact of such incidents is poorly reported, especially in low-income countries.