Use of caesarean sections for child deliveries are increasing across the world, reaching an alarming global overage of 21% of births globally in 2015, up from just over 12% at the early 2000s.
If used only in medical necessities, the procedure would account for about 10-15% of birth, according to experts.
The study published in Lancet show that in countries such as the Dominican Republic, over 58% of babies are delivered this way, while 63% of institutional births in Egypt’s are this way.
Caesarean sections carry the risk of preterm birth, ruptured uterus and the placenta embedding in the wrong part of the uterus in future pregnancy, leading to the state of having to remove the woman’s uterus.
Other risks for women are blood clots in the mother’s legs, problems from the anaesthetic, and infection. Such babies may develop problems around the development of the immune system and autoimmune disorders, and increases their risk of obesity and asthma.
The authors said the study on the psychological aspects of caesarean section compared with vaginal delivery are not fully studied.
Studies have shown that the need for uterus removal procedure, called hysterectomy, was one in 25,000 pregnancies in women who had not previously had a caesarean, while it was one in 20 for women who have had three or more.