India has improved its ranking by one place to 130 under the 2018 Human Development Report, released Friday by the United Nations Development Programme.
With a score of 0.64, the country’s Human Development Index (HDI) rank places it under the medium human development category. Among major developing countries, neighbouring China was ranked 86 (0.752), Brazil (0.759) was ranked 79 and South Africa (0.699) was at 113.
But when adjusted to inequality, the ranking falls to 0.468, a 26.8 per cent decrease, indicating a higher inequality level compared to the global average.
In the previous report, the rank was 131, with a score of 0.625.
The HDI score is based on measures of a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
The country has an average life expectancy of 68.8, the mean years schooling is 6.4 and the Gross National Income Per Capita is $6,353.
According to the report, between 1990 and 2017, India’s HDI value increased from 0.427 to 0.640, an almost 50 per cent increase, which is “an indicator that millions have been lifted out of poverty”.