India had 2.14 million people living with HIV in 2017, when it recorded 87,580 new HIV infections and 69,110 AIDS-related deaths, according to the latest estimations by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO).
About 0.22% of adults in the country are HIV affected. There were 22,675 mothers who needed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) to prevent transmission of the virus to the child.
The number of new HIV cases in 2017 marks an 80% decline compared to that in 1995 when the number of new cases was the highest. Similarly, AIDS-related death declined by 71% since its peak in 2005.
“HIV Estimations 2017 corroborate the previous rounds in terms of the characteristic of the HIV epidemic in India i.e. national prevalence and incidence remain low, but the epidemic is high in some geographical regions and population group. The report has noted that the rate of decline in annual new HIV infections has been relatively slower in recent years,” said a government statement.
The HIV Estimations 2017 is the 14th round in the series of HIV Estimations under National AIDS Control Programme (NACP). The biennial report is prepared through a collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS).