World Sepsis Day: Five things you should know about Sepsis


September 13 is observed as the World Sepsis Day. Here are some facts that you should know about the lifethreatening illness that kills millions every year.

1. Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction which occurs when a person has an infection and the body’s reaction injures tissues and organs. This could lead to septic shock, if not recognized early and managed promptly, and cause multiple organ failure and death.

2. Estimates say it affects more than 30 million people worldwide every year and kills 6 million. This means someone dies of it in the world in every 3-4 seconds.

3. While anyone with an infection can develop sepsis, some people are more at risk than others. This include pregnant women, newborb babies, the elderly, people with chronic diseases or immunosuppression, hospitalized patients.

4. Sepesis may show various symptoms: fever or low temperature and shivering, altered mental status, difficulty breathing/rapid breathing, increased heart rate, weak pulse/low blood pressure, low urine output, cyanotic or mottled skin, cold extremities, and extreme body pain or discomfort.

5. Sepsis can be prevented by the prevention of microbial transmission and infection, and prevention of the evolution of an infection to sepsis conditions. Effective hygiene practices, such as hand washing, and safe preparation of food, improving sanitation and water quality, vaccination are of vital importance.



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