While the world celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Teheran Proclamation, which recognized family planning as a human right, on the World Population Day, marked on 11 July, about 214 million women across the world do not have access to modern contraceptive methods, statistics with the UN says.
While 155 million women use no family planning method at all, about 59 million use traditional methods that are unreliable and may be unsafe.
In several parts of the world women also resort to several folk methods that often harm the women. These include inserting harsh chemicals such as disinfectant, vinegar and lemon juice, into the vagina.
Some people use herbs, such as ginger, that is useless in preventing pregnancy. Use of plastic bags or balloons is also not uncommon.
But according to the WHO, breastfeeding can potentially be seen as a reliable method under the right conditions.
There is a mismatch between supply and demand for modern contraceptives, according to UN population agency (UNFPA). UNFPA’s dedicated contraceptive access programme, known as UNFPA Supplies, faces a shortfall of more than $700 million for its work through 2021, says the organisation.