The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide $100 million to help Bangladesh manage the Rohingya refugees hosted by the country.
The money — the first assistance under a $200 million package that the Bank has agreed to provide — will be spent on water supply and sanitation, disaster risk management, energy, hospitals and roads in Coxsbazar at the southeast tip of Bangladesh.
Around 700,000 people who have crossed the border from Rakhine State, Myanmar, into Coxsbazar following an armed conflict are living in 32 camps since late August 2017, causing a huge stress on the local infrastructure and economy.
As the southeastern part of Bangladesh, areas are prone to natural hazards such as flooding, landslides, lightning, fires, and heat waves during monsoon season, the project will improve disaster risk management by constructing shelters, emergency access roads, as well as food distribution centres.
Mobile water carriers, community bathing facilities, and build a piped water supply system and waste management facilities will be constructed, along with small water treatment plants to tackle growing water needs. Solar powered street lighting will be provided.
The ADB assistance is provided under the multisector Joint Response Plan prepared by the UN-led Inter-Sector Coordination Group in coordination with the Bangladesh government.
The project has been developed in coordination with United Nations agencies, the World Bank, and other donors that are giving humanitarian relief such as food, water, medical aid, and temporary shelter.
While the first phase is to cost $120 million over about 2.5 years, $100 million grant will come from the Asian Development Fund (ADF), and the government will provide $20 million. The second phase of the ADB assistance will depend on the progress of the first phase.