Researches have suggested that not just building schools in nearby areas, but reducing travel time by interventions such as providing bicycles could increase school enrollment in remote areas.
In Afghanistan researchers with J-PAL found that building schools in villages increased enrollment from 27 to 69 percentage points. It also showed that girls experienced larger enrollment gains than boys.
But reducing travel time doesn’t always have to mean building new schools.
When Indian state of Bihar, a government program gave every 14-year-old girl a bicycle, girls’ enrollment in secondary school increased by 32 percent, with the impact mostly being concentrated among girls who lived between two and six miles from school.