To address high prevalence of malnutrition among children under six years, the central government has made fortification mandatory for items such as salt, wheat flour and oil served in Anganwadi centres under the under the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) programme.

The “mandatory fortification” should be with “immediate effect”, the Women and Child Development (WCD) ministry has written to states, reported The Hindustan Times.

While salt will have to be fortified with iodine and iron, wheat flour will be with iron, folic acid and Vitamin B12 and edible oil with Vitamin A and D.

Currently only 12 states provide some fortified food items in Anganwadis.

In India, over two third preschool children suffer from iron deficiency and over half from subclinical Vitamin A deficiency.



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