The Central Pollution Control Board has issued detailed guidelines to address the issue of odour from urban municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills.
It provides for proper monitoring and management of odour, regulatory standards for which are still at nascent stage in India.
CPCB released ‘Odour Monitoring and Management in Urban Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Landfill Sites’, which it considers as the first step towards measuring and understanding odour pollution.
It use East Delhi’s Ghazipur landfill site as a “pilot study”. The guidelines call for a green belt around landfill sites to reduce odour, and sensor-based continuous odour measurement system that are currenly there to monitor air, water and noise pollution.
India currently produces an estimated 62 million tonnes of solid waste every year. It is expected to reach 165 million tonnes in 2030.
Odour was identified as a public nuisance under the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.
“Odour emissions affect quality of life leading to psychological stress and symptoms such as insomnia, loss of appetite and irrational behavior,” the guidelines said.